Exercise Physiology | Muscle Contraction | Muscle Fibers | Muscle Adaptations | Exercise Fuels | CHO Metabolism | Fat Metabolism | Oxygen Uptake | Cardiovascular Exercise | Respiratory Responses | VO2 Max | Temperature Regulation | Heat | Fluid Balance | Fatigue | Sprinting | Endurance | Genes | Practical Case Example
Exercise physiology is the study of physiological mechanisms grounded by principles of the scientific method of systematic study, applied metrics, experimentation, development of formulation, testing, and reconciliation of a hypotheses to further explore biological responses to physical stress and physical activity, and how the body, muscles, and fuel systems, responds and adapts to physical stress and exercise over time.
Kinesiology is the parent field of study of exercise physiology. Exercise physiologists study the effect of exercise on anatomy and mechanisms by which exercise can affect health, human movement, and sports performance. Exercise physiology is a key discipline practiced to explore and define science-based treatment plans to help people improve their health, maintain their fitness for activities of daily living, physical conditioning for sports, or movement performance as a result of exercise.
Regular physical activity, including structured exercise and sport, is an important part of a healthy lifestyle and we certainly enjoy the amazing feats of elite sportsmen and women when they compete on the international stage. I’m Mark Hargreaves Professor of Physiology at the University of Melbourne in Australia, and it’s my pleasure to be the instructor for the course Exercise Physiology: Understanding the Athlete Within.
This is a six-week course the number of modules that focus on the important aspect of exercise physiology, we will look at muscles, how they contract during exercise, and how they adapt to different types of exercise. We will look at the fuels that muscles use for different types of exercise, and also how the heart and lungs deliver oxygen to those contracting muscles. When muscles are activated during exercise they increase heat production and that heat has to be removed. We will look at how the body removes heat and the implications for fluid balance and think about the optimal fluids that can be ingested during exercise to replace those fluid losses. Then we’ll examine muscle fatigue and the limits to sports performance, and finally, given the advances in genetics and molecular biology in recent years, we will look at how exercise affects gene expression and perhaps try to answer the question — Are athletes born or are they made?
It would be a good idea to take a basic course in human physiology before taking the exercise physiology subject and there’s one in Coursera that ideas for that purpose. Hopefully, at the end of this course, you will have a greater understanding of exercise physiology and the athlete within.
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